UN agencies lament high level of hunger in South Sudan

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UN agencies have lamented the number of people in South Sudan who are going hungry, noting that it is at the highest level ever.

The UN agencies said this on Thursday in their latest Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) report.

The IPC report is the work of the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP) and UNICEF.

“Hunger and malnutrition are on the rise in areas affected by flood, drought and conflicts, and some communities are likely to face starvation unless aid is sustained, and climate adaptation measures are scaled up.

“Roughly two-thirds of the population, or more than 7.7 million people, will not have enough to eat during the lean season next April through July, while 1.4 million children will be malnourished,’’ the report stated.

It was released on the same day the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) published a report that urges the international community to make climate adaptation a priority.

The record proportion of South Sudan’s citizens facing crisis levels of food insecurity and malnourishment surpasses levels seen during conflicts in 2013 and in 2016, the report stated.

It noted that while violence, poor macroeconomic conditions, extreme climate events, and spiralling costs of food and fuel had contributed to the crisis, funding for humanitarian programmes had also declined despite the rise in needs.

“We’ve been in famine prevention mode all-year and have staved off the worst outcomes, but this is not enough.

“South Sudan is on the frontlines of the climate crisis and day in, day out families are losing their homes, cattle, fields and hope to extreme weather.

“Without humanitarian food assistance, millions more will find themselves in an increasingly dire situation and unable to provide even the most basic food for their families,’’ Makena Walker, WFP Acting Country Director, said in the report.

The world’s youngest nation has been confronting a multi-year flood that is exacerbating already high levels of hunger caused by on-going conflicts and the global food crisis.

The flooding has heavily impacted central areas of the country, which also have the highest levels of food insecurity.

FAO Representative Meshack Malo emphasised the critical need for livelihood support to boost self-reliance in food production.

This potential exists, he said, as South Sudan produced some 840,000 tonnes of cereals in 2021, a difficult year with climate change, floods, conflict and other factors.

Despite marginal improvements in food security across some parts of the country, the nutrition crisis is deepening, he noted.

All counties, except for one, are showing deterioration in their nutrition situation through June 2023, including 44 counties where the situation is critical.

The UN agencies underscored the urgent need for funding, warning that they would be unable to preposition humanitarian assistance in time for the next year, which could push millions of families even deeper into hunger. (NAN)

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